Inflammation of the brain and membrane that lines the brain
Problems with moving around or speaking
Causes ulcers and inflammation of the digestive tract—rare
These problems need medical care right away.
Diagnosing Behcet disease is difficult. Symptoms appear slowly, over months or years. They are similar to symptoms of many other diseases.
There are no specific tests to diagnose Behcet disease. It may be suspected based on:
Mouth sores at least 3 times within a year and at least 2 of these:
A pathergy skin test may be used. The skin is pricked with a small needle. If a bump develops at the site of the skin prick, it could mean Behcet disease. However, many people with the disease do not have a reaction to the skin prick.
For some people, the illness may go away on its own. If care is needed, it focuses on treating problems to prevent serious complications. With proper care, Behcet disease can be managed.
Treatment options may be:
Creams, lotions, and mouth rinses—to help ease swelling and pain
Other medicines taken by mouth to:
Ease swelling and pain
Change how the immune system responds
Lifestyle changes such as:
Resting when symptoms flare
Exercising to keep joints flexible and strong
There are no guidelines to prevent Behcet disease.
Behcet's disease. American Behcet's Disease Association website. Available at: https://www.behcets.com/basics-of-behcets/. Accessed July 16, 2021.
Behçet disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders/vasculitis/beh%C3%A7et-disease. Accessed July 16, 2021.
Behcet syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/behcet-syndrome. Accessed July 16, 2021.
Davatchi F. Behçet's disease. Int J Rheum Dis. 2018;21(12):2057-2058.
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