Problems from excess copper in the eyes are rusty or brown-colored rings around the colored part of the eye
Wilson disease is rare. It is fatal unless it is treated before serious illness develops. Symptoms may be attributed to other more common causes like hepatitis or cirrhosis. You may also appear healthy even while your liver is getting damaged. However, it is important to get diagnosed and treated early. This will help to avoid organ damage and early death.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. A test will be done to look for key signs in the eyes. This can confirm the diagnosis.
Blood tests may also be done to look for signs of the disease. This can also confirm the diagnosis.
There is no cure. It needs to be treated throughout a person's life. The goals are to:
Remove the extra copper
Prevent copper from building up again
These changes may need to be made to lower copper levels:
Avoiding foods that are high in copper, such as liver, shellfish, nuts, chocolate, and mushrooms
Checking drinking water for copper levels
Avoiding multivitamins that include copper
Medicine may be given to:
Bind to the copper to release it from the body
Block the digestive tract from absorbing it
People with severe liver damage may need a transplant. It may also be needed in those who are not helped by other methods.
There are no current guidelines to prevent Wilson disease.
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