Crouzon syndrome is a genetic problem. The bones in the skull and face join in the wrong way.
Infants have sutures between the bones in the face and skull. They allow the skull to expand as the child grows. They fuse together during adulthood when growth stops.
In Crouzon syndrome, the bones in the skull and face fuse too early. The skull is then forced to grow in the direction of the remaining open sutures. This causes abnormally shaped teeth and an abnormally shaped head and face.
Craniosynostosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/craniosynostosis. Accessed November 3, 2020.
Crouzon syndrome. NIH Office of Rare Disease website. Available at: https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/6206/crouzon-syndrome/resources/1. Accessed November 3, 2020.
Persing JA. MOC-PS(SM) CME article: management considerations in the treatment of craniosynostosis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Apr;121(4 Suppl):1-11.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
Kari Kassir, MD
Last Updated: 5/7/2021
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