A person's body hair may also be white or lighter than normal. It depends on how much melanin their body makes.
The disorder is often diagnosed at birth based on the way the baby looks. The doctor may ask about your symptoms and health history. You may also be asked whether you have family members with albinism. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the hair and skin. An eye exam will also be done.
There is no cure. The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms. Choices are:
Eye care, such as regular eye exams, corrective lenses, and vision aids
Sun protection, such as wearing protective clothing, sunblock with SPF 30 or higher, and sunglasses with UV protection
Some people may also need surgery to correct eye problems, such as strabismus.
Albinism. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center website. Available at: https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/5768/albinism. Accessed March 3, 2021.
Albinism. NHS website. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/albinism. Accessed March 3, 2021.
Driscoll DJ, Miller JL, et al. Prader-Willi Syndrome. GeneReviews 2016 Feb.
Information bulletin—what is albinism? National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation website. Available at: https://www.albinism.org/information-bulletin-what-is-albinism. Accessed March 3, 2021.
Prader-Willi syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/prader-willi-syndrome-27. Accessed March 4, 2021.
Last reviewed December 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Kari Kassir, MD
Last Updated: 3/4/2021
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.