Diaphragmatic hernia is a hole in the diaphragm that is present at birth. The diaphragm is the muscle between the chest and abdomen. Organs in the abdomen move through the hernia to the chest. They can push up against the lungs.
This problem is caused when the diaphragm does not form normally in the fetus. It is not clear why this happens. It may be due to genes or the environment.
Diaphragmatic Hernia—Stomach and Intestines Move into Chest Cavity
Bent D, Nelson J, et. al. Population-based validation of a clinical prediction model for congenital diaphragmatic hernias. J Pediatr. 2018 Oct; 201: 160–165.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia. Accessed January 15, 2021.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Cincinnati Children's website. Available at: https://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/c/diaphragmatic-hernias. Accessed January 15, 2021.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Fetal Treatment Center website. Available at: http://fetus.ucsf.edu/cdh. Accessed January 15, 2021.
Last reviewed February 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 1/15/2021
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