Nervous system diseases that make it harder to fully drain the bladder
Medical Devices and Procedures
Your risk is higher for these:
Females who use a diaphragm for birth control
Females who have a partners who use spermicide on a condom
Having a urinary catheter
Prior surgery on the urinary tract
Taking certain medicines can raise the risk of getting a UTI such as:
SGLT2 inhibitors for diabetes
Age and Gender
UTIs are more common in women during their lives. This is because the urethra and anus are close together. The urethra is also shorter in women than in men. The risk of goes up even more after menopause in women and after age 50 in men.
UTIs tend to run in families. If you have people in your family with the same problems, it makes your risk higher. The link is more common in first-degree relatives such as a mother and daughter.
Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/urinary-tract-infections-utis/bacterial-urinary-tract-infections-utis. Updated June 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA revises labels of SGLT2 inhibitors for diabetes to include warnings about too much acid in the blood and serious urinary tract infections. US Food & Drug Administration website. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm475463.htm. Updated January 19, 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Urinary tract infections in adults. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/urinary-tract-infections-in-adults. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 9/20/2018
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