This is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medicines listed below. Only the most basic problems are listed. Ask your doctor if there are any other steps you need to take. Use each of them as your doctor tells you. If you have any questions or can’t follow the package instructions, call your doctor.
Hormonal therapies are used to treat prostate cancer. For cancer that's spread to the bones, others may be needed.
Prostate cells need androgens to grow and work the way they're supposed to. The aim is to lower these amounts in your body. This is done to keep the prostate cells from being stimulated to grow. The best way to do this is by removing the testicles (orchiectomy). This can be done with surgery, but it can't be reversed.
In most cases, hormonal therapies are combined. The types are:
Prostate cancer usually spreads to the bones. This can cause pain, weakened bones, and a higher risk of broken bones. Bisphosphonates are used to slow bone loss, raise bone density, and lower the risk of broken bones. Most of these are taken as a pill.
Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/treating-pain.html. Accessed October 3, 2020.
Treatment option overview. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/prostate/patient/prostate-treatment-pdq#section/_142. Accessed October 3, 2020.
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