type 1 diabetes
are caused by the buildup of glucose in the blood where it cannot be used by cells for energy. Problems may be:
Being very thirsty or hungry
Feeling very tired and weak
Losing weight without trying
Severe symptoms can lead to
diabetic ketoacidosis. This is when glucose levels rise and the body starts to break down fat to use as energy instead. This makes a by-product called ketone bodies. They are made up of acids that can build up in the body and cause these additional type 1 diabetes symptoms:
Nausea and vomiting
Fruity breath odor
Dry skin and mouth
This problem can be deadly and must be treated right away.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2019. Diabetes Care. 2019. Jan; 42 (Suppl 1):S1-193.
Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/type-1. Accessed November 22, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
James P. Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 12/8/2020
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