Testicular cancer symptoms may not be noticed at first. If you notice them, don't think it's because of cancer. Other, less serious health problems may be causing them, such as an infection. But you still need to talk about them with your doctor. Finding and treating the cause early will make your chances for a cure better.
The most common is a painless lump or mass in either testicle. This can be with or without swelling. You may also have:
A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
A dull ache in the lower belly or groin
Fluid or swelling in the scrotum—this can happen slowly or quickly
Early puberty—linked to a certain type of testicular cancer
Breast enlargement or discomfort—rare, but linked to a certain type of testicular cancer
As cancer spreads, it may cause other problems such as:
Back or belly pain caused by pressure on nearby nerves
Long-lasting cough, with or without blood
Breathing problems, with or without chest pain
Long-lasting headaches that don't go away with medicines
General information about testicular cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-treatment-pdq#link/_1. Accessed October 1, 2020.
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-and-symptoms.html. Accessed October 1, 2020.
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