The purpose of screening is to find and treat disease early. Screening tests are given to people who don’t have symptoms. However, they may be at a high risk for developing it.
The decision to screen or not is usually based on your risk factors. The National Osteoporosis Foundation suggests:
All women aged 65 years and older and men aged 70 years and older
Women who have been through
with one or more risk factors
Men aged 50-69 years old with one or more risk factors
Any adult age 50 years and older with a broken bone
(not caused by injury)
Any adult with health conditions that cause bone loss
Any adult who takes medicines that cause bone loss
bone mineral density test
(BMD) screens for osteoporosis. BMD measures your bone mass. Then, it’s compared to a healthy 30 year old adult. It may also be compared to the normal bone mass of someone your age. This is called a Z score. BMD results let you know if your bone density is in a normal range or not.
NOF's clinician's guide to prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: https://my.nof.org/bone-source/education/clinicians-guide-to-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis. Accessed June 26, 2018.
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