is defined as inadequate or poor-quality sleep despite having adequate time to sleep. Insomnia may take the form of difficulty falling asleep, or middle-of-the-night or early-morning awakening. It may be a short-term problem or occur more often over a long period of time.
It becomes more common as you get older.
Over the course of a year, about one third to one half of adults experience some level of insomnia. About 10%-15% have more severe or chronic insomnia. It may cause problems during the day, such as tiredness, a lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, and irritability.
Insomnia is not a disease. Instead, it is a result of a behavior or a symptom of an underlying mental or physical problem. There are many causes of insomnia.
Short-term insomnia is often due to temporary situations. It generally occurs in people who are experiencing one or more of the following:
A life crisis or stress
A change in the sleep environment, including factors such as noise, light, or temperature
Sleep/wake schedule problems such as with jet lag or temporary shift work
Side effects of medication
Chronic insomnia often results from a medical condition. Examples include:
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