Aphasia is more common in older adults. It is also more common in people who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA), also known as a mini-stroke.
Aphasia is a symptom of an underlying problem. It may cause:
Speaking in short, broken phrases
Putting words in the wrong order
Using incorrect grammar
Switching sounds or words
Speaking in words that do not have meaning and do not make sense
Problems finding the names for everyday words
Problems understanding speech:
Needing extra time to process language
Problems following very fast speech
Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. Speech language, and communication tests may be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis. You may also need to see a doctor who treats the nervous system.
Other tests may be done to find the cause of the aphasia.
The cause of aphasia will need to be treated. The goals of treating aphasia are to improve or maintain communication.
Speech and language therapy will be needed to:
Restore lost skills
Learn how to use existing skills
Learn other ways to communicate
There are no guidelines to prevent aphasia. It is caused by underlying health problems.
Aphasia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia. Accessed April 7, 2020.
Aphasia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/pages/aphasia.aspx. Updated March 6, 2017. Accessed April 7, 2020.
Last reviewed February 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 4/7/2020
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