Look for the cause of poor liver or kidney function
Help find out why an internal organ is larger than normal
Examine the baby and uterus of someone who is pregnant
There are no known risks from this test.
What to Expect
Prior to test
The care team will meet with you to talk about:
Any allergies you may have
Current medicines, herbs, and supplements that you take and whether you need to stop taking them before the test
Fasting before the test, such as avoiding food and drink for at least 8 hours before the test
Whether you need a full bladder before the test
Description of the Test
You will be positioned on a table. A gel will be placed over the belly. A hand-held wand is pushed against the skin. The wand sends sound waves into your body. The waves bounce off internal organs and echo back to the wand. The computer changes the echoes into images on a screen. The images are examined by your doctor. A photograph of them may be taken.
You may be asked to change positions or hold your breath during the exam. You may feel some discomfort if you have a full bladder during the test.
The gel will be cleaned off your belly.
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Most people do not have any problems after this test. You will be able to go back to normal activities.
The images will be sent to a doctor who specializes in reading them. Your doctor will share the results with you.
Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
ACR-SPR-SRU practice parameter for performing and interpreting diagnostic ultrasound examinations. American College of Radiology website. Available at: https://www.acr.org/-/media/ACR/Files/Practice-Parameters/us-perf-interpret.pdf. Accessed September 15, 2020.
General ultrasound. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=genus. Accessed September 15, 2020.
Ultrasound—abdomen. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=abdominus. Accessed September 15, 2020.
Last reviewed March 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Shawna Grubb, RN
Last Updated: 3/19/2021
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