A small incision will be made in or near the navel. A laparoscope will be inserted. This is a long, thin tube with a camera on the end. Gas will be used to inflate the abdomen. This will make it easier to view the organs. A second cut may be made just above the pubic hair to insert an instrument for grasping the fallopian tubes. Methods used to close the tubes are:
Sealing by creating scar tissue
Applying plastic bands or clips
Removing a small piece of the tube
The tools will be removed. Incisions will be closed with stitches. Bandages will be applied.
The doctor may switch to an
for some people. This will mean a larger incision.
How Long Will It Take?
20 to 30 minutes
Will It Hurt?
Pain and cramps are common in the first few days. Medicine and home care can help.
At the Care Center
Most people go home the same day. You may need to stay longer if there are problems.
It will take about a week to fully recover. Some activities may be limited.
Call Your Doctor
Call the doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
Signs of infection, such as fever and chills
Redness, swelling, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incisions
Pain that cannot be controlled with medicine
Lasting nausea and vomiting
Pain or swelling in 1 or both legs
Heavy vaginal bleeding
Missed a menstrual period
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 208 Summary: Benefits and Risks of Sterilization. Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Mar;133(3):592-594.
Sterilization for women and men. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/contraception/sterilization-for-women-and-men. Accessed August 6, 2020.
Sterilization. Planned Parenthood website. Available at: http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/sterilization-women-4248.htm. Accessed August 6, 2020.
Tubal sterilization (tubal ligation). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/sex-birth-control/birth-control/tubal-sterilization.html. Accessed August 6, 2020.
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