Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
Allergy to the iodine contrast material
Poor kidney function
Pregnant women should not have this test.
What to Expect
Prior to test
Leading up to the test:
You will need to have kidney function tests.
The day before the test, you may be asked to use laxatives and
to empty your digestive system. This is because stool in the intestines may make it harder to read the x-rays.
Do not eat or drink after midnight.
Description of the Test
An IV will be inserted. This will provide the contrast material and any medication that you will need. For the next 30-60 minutes, you will lie on a table while x-rays are taken at regular intervals. You may be asked to hold your breath each time an x-ray is taken. The material will highlight your urinary system on the x-ray. This will allow your doctor to see these body parts at work and detect problems. Before the last x-ray, you will empty your bladder in a bathroom.
You will be able to resume your normal activities and diet.
How Long Will It Take?
About 60-90 minutes
Will It Hurt?
No, but you may feel a sensation of warmth or heat as the contrast material travels through your body.
It may take a few days to receive your test results. Your doctor will discuss the results with you, as well as any recommended treatment.
Call Your Doctor
It is important to monitor your recovery. Alert your doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your doctor:
Nausea and/or vomiting
Itching or skin rash
Shortness of breath
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP). Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=ivp. Updated February 3, 2017. Accessed September 7, 2017.
Last reviewed September 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 8/31/2015
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