Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have hemorrhoid banding, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Recurrence of hemorrhoids
Swelling and pain from remaining hemorrhoids
Adverse reaction to the local anesthetic (if used)
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor may do the following:
Anoscopy—the visual examination of the inside of the anus using a short tube (anoscope) to help keep the sphincter open
—the use of a specialized endoscope (a tube attached to a viewing device) to examine the inside of the anus, rectum, and lower intestine
Anesthesia is not usually needed. A local anesthesia may be used in some cases to numb the area.
Description of the Procedure
An anoscope will be inserted through the anus. The doctor will look through the tube to see inside the rectum and locate the hemorrhoid. A special banding tool will be used. The tool will place a small rubber band around the hemorrhoid. The band cuts off the blood supply. This will make the hemorrhoid fall off. More than one hemorrhoid may be banded. The band and the hemorrhoid will fall off in about 1-2 weeks.
How Long Will It Take?
This is a short procedure. The length of time depends on how many hemorrhoids need treatment.
Will It Hurt?
People often report some discomfort during and after this procedure. If you feel sharp or severe pain, tell the doctor right away. Mild pain medication will help you manage discomfort during recovery.
For a few days, you may have difficulty controlling the passage of gas and bowel movements. When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Move your bowels as soon as you feel the urge.
Do not strain, bear down, or hold your breath during a bowel movement.
Do not sit on the toilet for long periods of time.
Last reviewed September 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 9/30/2014
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