Atherosclerosis is an inflammation process in blood vessels due to plaque buildup. Plaque is made of fats, cholesterol, and calcium. Over time, plaque and inflammation can narrow and harden the arteries.
Plaque buildup can slow and even stop blood flow. This can lead to problems such as:
Atherosclerosis. American Heart Association website. Available at: https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/about-cholesterol/atherosclerosis#.Wpg9d2rwZQI. Accessed September 15, 2021.
Atherosclerosis. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/atherosclerosis. Accessed September 15, 2021.
Coronary artery disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/coronary-artery-disease-cad. Accessed September 15, 2021.
Geovanini GR, Libby P. Atherosclerosis and inflammation: overview and updates. Clin Sci (Lond). 2018;132(12):1243-1252.
Heart and stroke statistics. American Heart Association website. Available at: https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/heart-and-stroke-association-statistics. Accessed September 15, 2021.
Last reviewed July 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Nicole Meregian, PA
Last Updated: 9/15/2021
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