Ketoacidosis can happen when a person’s glucose gets very high. It can be deadly if it is not treated right away.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
Diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests that check for high glucose levels. More than one test may be done.
These blood tests will also be done to find out whether it is type 1 or type 2:
Insulin level or C-peptide tests to see how much insulin is being made by the pancreas
Tests that look for antibodies that are working against the pancreas
The goal is to keep blood glucose levels at close to normal levels. This can be done with:
All people with type 1 need to take insulin to replace the insulin hormone that their body does not make. It can be given by injection, inhaler, or by a pump that gives it in small amounts during the day.
Pamlintide may also be given to keep glucose from going too high after eating.
Healthy habits can help manage type 1, such as:
Testing blood glucose levels often
Working with a dietitian to make a meal plan that will help keep blood glucose levels normal
Getting regular exercise
Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplant
A pancreatic islet cell transplant may be done in people who are not helped by other methods. It transplants islet cells from a donor to a person with type 1. The new cells can make insulin. Some people may no longer need insulin after the transplant. Not all care centers offer this treatment.
A pancreas transplant may be done in people with who are not helped by other methods. It is often done with a kidney transplant. This surgery may cause other problems, such as infection or organ rejection.
Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1. Accessed November 1, 2019.
Type 1 Diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes/type-1-diabetes. Updated July 2017. Accessed November 1, 2019.
9/11/2014 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillancehttps://www.dynamed.com/condition/diabetes-mellitus-type-1-22: Tovote KA, Fleer J, et al. Individual mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and cognitive behavior therapy for treating depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes: results of a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(9):2427-2434.
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