The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Blood test—to look for signs of hepatitis A
Liver function studies
Hepatitis A usually goes away on its own within 2 months. There are no lasting effects in most people once the infection passes. Immunity to the virus occurs after recovery from the infection.
The goals of hepatitis A treatments are to:
Help you stay as comfortable as possible.
Prevent the infection from being passed to others.
Prevent stress on the liver while it's healing. Mainly done by avoiding certain substances like specific medications or alcohol.
In rare cases, the infection is very severe. If the liver is severly damaged, a liver transplant may be needed.
To to help reduce the chances of hepatitis A:
Wash your hands often with soap and water.
Wash your hands before eating or preparing food.
Avoid using household utensils that a person with hepatitis A may touch.
Make sure all household utensils are carefully cleaned.
Avoid sexual contact with a person with hepatitis A.
Avoid injected drug use. If you use drugs, do not share needles.
If you travel to a high-risk region:
Use bottled water for drinking, cooking, washing food, and brushing your teeth.
Do not use ice chips
Eat well-cooked food
Medical treatments that may help prevent infection:
Immune (Gamma) Globulin—Temporary protection from hepatitis A. It can last about 3-6 months. It must be given before exposure to the virus or
within 2 weeks after exposure.
Hepatitis A vaccine
—Highly effective in preventing infection. It provides full protection 4 weeks after the first injection. A second injection provides long-term protection.
The vaccine should be considered for:
All children aged 12-23 months
Children aged 24 months or older who are at high risk and have not been previously vaccinated
People traveling to areas where hepatitis A is prevalent (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's
Traveler's Health website
shows which areas have a high prevalence of hepatitis A)
Men who have sex with men
Injection drug users
People who are at risk because of their job, such as lab workers
People with chronic liver disease
People with blood-clotting disorders such as
People who will have close contact with an adopted child from a medium- or high-risk area
People who desire immunity to hepatitis A
Check with your doctor to see if you should receive the vaccine.
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. January 25, 2017. Accessed February 15, 2018.
Hepatitis A questions and answers for the public. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/afaq.htm. Updated November 2, 2017. Accessed February 15, 2018.
Hepatitis A VIS. What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hep-a.html. Accessed February 15, 2018.
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated February 6 2018. Accessed February 15, 2018
What I need to know about hepatitis A. National Institute of Digestive and Diabetes and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/liver-disease/viral-hepatitis/hepatitis-a. Updated May 2017. Accessed February 15, 2018.
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