Hard to control hiccups are more common in men. The risk is also higher in people with an underlying health problem or injury.
The main symptom is a repeating spasm in the chest that cannot be controlled. A person may also make a gasping sound.
Medical care may be needed if hiccups do not go away or cause other problems. The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam may be done. Tests may be done to look for a cause.
Lee, G, Kim, R, et. al. Gender differences in hiccup patients: analysis of published case reports and case-control studies. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Feb;51(2):278-83.
Hiccups. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/hiccups. Accessed January 6, 2021.
What causes hiccups? Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/hiccup.html. Updated August 2014. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Last reviewed February 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 1/6/2021
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