Certain medicines, such as antidepressants and proton pump inhibitors
Lack of activity
Alcohol use disorder
A hip fracture may cause:
Groin and thigh pain
A leg that looks shorter or turns outward
Not being able to put weight on the hip
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. The hip and leg will be examined. This may be enough to suspect a hip fracture. Images will show where the fracture is and how severe it is. Images may be taken with:
Hip bones support bodyweight and are surrounded by powerful muscles. Surgery is often needed to help hip fractures heal well. It will often be done within 1 to 2 days of the injury. There are different types of surgery. Choice will be based on age, overall health, and how badly the bone is damaged. Surgery may include:
Repair—Plates and screws attached to the bone to support them while they heal
Replacement—Damaged bone is removed and replaced with an artificial joint
Movement is encouraged soon after surgery. Walkers, crutches, or canes will be needed at first. Physical therapy will also help to regain movement and strength.
Surgery may not be possible for those with major health issues. The bone will need to heal on its own. This method will take longer and have greater movement limits. The leg may need to be in traction in first few weeks. A gentle pressure will help to keep the bone in the right place so it can heal as it should. The bone will be checked often as it heals.
Most fractures are due to accidents. Healthy bones and muscles may help prevent severe injury. A balanced diet and regular exercise can keep bones strong.
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