Exposure to radiation, toxic chemicals, and heavy metals
High scrotal temperature due to things like hot tubs, tight underwear, and bicycling
Certain medicines, such as alpha and beta blockers, anabolic steroids, and diuretics
The main symptom is not being able to conceive after one year of unprotected sex.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You will be asked about the work that you do and whether you have been exposed to certain toxins. A physical exam will be done. Your partner may also be referred for testing.
Your fluids and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
Blood tests to look for problems with hormones or genes
Infertility in men. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/infertility-in-men-23. Accessed November 11, 2021.
Male infertility/andrology. American Society for Reproductive Medicine website. Available at: https://www.reproductivefacts.org/topics/topics-index/male-infertility. Accessed November 11, 2021.
Overview of infertility. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gynecology-and-obstetrics/infertility/overview-of-infertility. Accessed November 11, 2021.
Reproductive health and the workplace. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/repro. Accessed November 11, 2021
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