Meniere disease is a disorder of the labyrinth in the inner ear that causes
(ringing in the ears), and hearing problems. The labyrinth is a system of cavities and canals in the inner ear that affects hearing, balance, and eye movement.
Avoid medications that seem to bring on or worsen symptoms
Consider a hearing aid, if necessary
Consider masking devices (white noise) to limit the effects of tinnitus
smoke, talk to your doctor about how you can
Take safety measures to avoid falling
Your doctor may suggest specific vestibular exercises. These exercises use a series of eye, head, and body movements to get the body used to moving without dizziness. You may work with a physical therapist to learn these.
Consider working with a therapist or joining a
support group. These can help you to cope with your symptoms.
Your doctor may recommend:
Medications to treat vertigo
Antiemetics to control nausea
Medications that may improve hearing, control inner ear swelling, or limit overall symptoms, including:
Antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications
Cortisone drugs for a short time
Aminoglycoside injected into middle ear
Destroys the part of the inner ear that deals with balance
May increase hearing loss
Ask your doctor if a Meniett device would be helpful to you. This device provides low-pressure pulses to the middle ear.
Surgical procedures are not always helpful, but include:
Endolymphatic sac decompression—removal of a portion of inner ear bone and placing a tube in the inner ear to drain excess fluid
Labyrinthectomy—destruction or removal of the entire inner ear, which controls balance and hearing
Vestibular nerve section
There are no current guidelines to prevent Meniere disease. However, to help reduce your risk, avoid:
Meniere's disease. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/menieres-disease. Updated March 2014. Accessed August 22, 2017.
Meniere's disease. National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) website. Available at: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/menieres-disease. Updated February 13, 2017. Accessed August 22, 2017.
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