Transcranial magnetic stimulation may also be used by people with migraine with aura who have not been helped by other treatments.
Some people may have surgery when other methods do not help. Some migraines are triggered when a nerve in the head is stimulated. Surgery can be done to find the nerve and turn it off. This may make the headaches go away or make them happen less often.
It is not clear how to prevent migraines from ever happening. Migraine events may be prevented by:
Using relaxation methods
Eating a healthful diet and drinking plenty of water
Migraine information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Migraine-Information-Page. Updated December 31, 2019. Accessed April 3, 2020.
Reese O, Lukas RV, et al. Challenge case report: increasing frequency of migraine. Practical Neurology. 2020. Available at: https://practicalneurology.com/articles/2020-jan/challenge-case-report-increasing-frequency-of-migraine/pdf. Accessed April 2, 2020.
Silberstein SD, Holland S, et al. Evidence-based guideline update: pharmacologic treatment for episodic migraine prevention in adults: report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Headache Society. Neurology. 2012 Apr 24;78(17):1337-1345.
Last reviewed February 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 2/3/2021
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