Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
Being in a motor vehicle accident
A blow to the head, such as from contact sports
A hard fall
Problems may be:
Neck pain and stiffness that gets worse with movement, especially in the back of the neck
Shoulder and upper back pain and muscle spasms
Headache, especially in the back of the head
Ringing in the ears
Tingling or weakness in the hands or arms
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked how your neck was hurt. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your neck. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.
Pictures may be needed of the neck. This can be done with:
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