Appetite changes, such as sugar and/or salt cravings, or overeating
Breast swelling and tenderness
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam may be done.
You may be asked to keep a log of your symptoms. It will include when your symptoms start and stop and the date of your period. The doctor will assume PMS based on these details.
There is no one treatment that will cure PMS. Steps may help to ease symptoms. Options include:
Stress can trigger PMS and make symptoms worse. Certain habits and tools can help to ease the effect of stress. Relaxation techniques such as music or deep breathing may help. Massage and hot baths may also help reduce tension in the body.
Diet and Exercise
Diets high in salt, sugar, and caffeine may make PMS worse. Large meals may also increase discomfort. Diet should focus on healthy foods. This includes plenty of fruits and vegetables and healthy proteins. Plan for small, frequent meals throughout the day.
Exercise may also help to decrease symptoms. It should occur on a regular basis not just during period.
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals that may reduce PMS symptoms include:
Premenstrual syndrome. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq057.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120824T1006488269. Accessed September 9, 2019.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) fact sheet. Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.html. Updated March 16, 2018. Accessed September 9, 2019.
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