Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of
depression. It affects some women shortly after childbirth. It's common for women to have short term mood problems after giving birth. If it goes on for more than 2 weeks, it is called PPD.
The cause of PPD is unclear. The cause may be related to sudden hormonal changes during and after delivery.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. Your answers may point to PPD. Certain symptoms must be present for at least 2 weeks nearly every day. You may have a physical exam and blood tests. Blood test can rule out other causes such as thyroid problems.
PPD is treated with one or both of the following:
Medicines to ease depression, anxiety, or psychosis.
Counseling may be alone or with a group.
with other mothers with the same problems will help you find ways to cope with your feelings.
To help lower your chances of PPD:
Talk to your doctor about a plan or medicines if you have a prior history of depression.
Talk to a counselor before you have your baby.
Get support from your partner or other people around you.
ACOG Committee Opinion No. 650: physical activity and exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;126(6):e135-e142. Reaffirmed 2017.
Do I have a form of postpartum depression? American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://americanpregnancy.org/first-year-of-life/forms-of-postpartum-depression. Updated August 2015. Accessed August 28, 2018.
Postpartum depression. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gynecology-and-obstetrics/postpartum-care-and-associated-disorders/postpartum-depression. Updated June 2018. Accessed August 28, 2018.
Postpartum depression. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at:https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Postpartum-Depression. Updated December 2013. Accessed August 28, 2018.
Last reviewed May 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 8/28/2018
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