A vertebral fracture is a break in one of the bones of the spine. This type of fracture usually occurs when the front part of the bone is squeezed or compressed. They are most common in the bones at the chest level.
—Liquid cement is injected into the bone to help relieve the pain. It may be best for recent fractures. It may not be as helpful in people whose fractures are due to osteoporosis.
—A balloon or other procedure is used to create a small space in the bone near the fracture. The cement is injected into the cavity. This procedure is designed to relieve pain. It can also improve spinal deformities from the fractures.
—Joins together two or more bones in the spine. It is most often used for burst fractures. This procedure stops the bones from moving.
Your doctor may also start treatment for related factors. For example, you may be given a program to help slow bone loss from osteoporosis.
will help prevent more fractures. Steps for healthy bones include:
Get plenty of weight-bearing exercise. This includes walking, jogging, or sports such as tennis.
Do strength exercises for arms and legs. This will help to improve your bones but also improve balance to decrease falls.
Get plenty of calcium, vitamin D, and protein in your diet. Talk to your doctor if you think you need
If you have osteoporosis, you should talk to your doctor about treatment options. If you had an early
menopause, talk to your doctor about this.
smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
Drink alcohol only in moderation. Moderate alcohol intake is 2 drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for women.
Lowering the risk of falls can also decrease your risk of fractures. Remove any obstacles in your home that could cause you to fall. These may include throw rugs or furniture.
Vertebral compression fractures. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aans.org/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Vertebral-Compression-Fractures. Accessed December 19, 2017.
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=vertebro. Updated January 23, 2017. Accessed December 19, 2017.
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