The tests will help to find the type and stage of cancer. Staging is used to guide a treatment plan. Testicular cancer is stage 1 to 3. Stage 1 cancer is only in local tissue. Stage III cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer treatment will be based on the stage and type of cancer. The plan will often have more than one type of therapy. Steps may include:
The goal is to remove as much cancer as possible. Some local healthy tissue may also be removed. Lymph nodes in the area may also need to be removed. They may be tested for cancer. More nodes may be removed if cancer is found in the nodes.
will kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It may be used on the area after surgery. It can help to kill any cancer cells that could not be seen. It may also be used to treat tumors that are causing problems but cannot be removed with surgery.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be given as pills, injections, or by IV. The drugs travel through the body. The drugs targets cancer cells, but some healthy cells can be damaged as well. It may be used along with radiation therapy for some types of testicular cancers. It may also be used for cancer that has spread.
Treatment can cause fertility problems. Sperm banking and other treatments may help.
There are no steps for testicular prevention in most men.
General information about testicular cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-treatment-pdq. Updated July 7, 2016. Accessed December 4, 2019.
Hanna NH, Einhorn LH. Testicular cancer--discoveries and updates. N Engl J Med. 2014 Nov 20;371(21):2005-2016
Motzer RJ, Jonasch E, et al. Testicular Cancer. Version 2.2016. In: National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines). NCCN 2016 Feb from NCCN website
12/14/2016 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttps://www.dynamed.com/condition/testicular-cancer: Yacoub JH, Aytekin O, et al. American College of Radiology ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Staging of testicular malignancy. Available at: https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69375/Narrative. Updated 2016.
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