Urination when laughing, sneezing, coughing, or exercising
Pain with sexual intercourse
Protrusion of pink tissue from the vagina that may be irritated or itchy
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Uterine prolapse without symptoms may be diagnosed during routine examinations. Your doctor may refer you to a gynecologist, who will do a pelvic exam.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. First or second degree prolapse without symptoms may not require treatment. Treatment options include:
involve tensing the muscles around the vagina and anus, holding for several seconds, then releasing. The repetition of this exercise will help to tone pelvic muscles.
You may be asked to do this up to 100 times a day.
Your doctor may recommend estrogen therapy. This may help prevent further weakness of the pelvic floor. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits associated with hormone replacement therapy.
Your doctor may insert a pessary into the upper portion of the vagina. A pessary is a rubbery, doughnut-shaped device. It helps to prop up the uterus and bladder. Pessary placement is more often used in older women.
Surgery may be needed for severe uterine prolapse. These procedures are usually not done until you have finished having children. Options include:
—This is the removal of the uterus. This will permanently resolve uterine prolapse.
Vaginal repair—This is usually done with a hysterectomy. The repair can be done with sutures or with insertion of mesh and slings.
Colpocleisis—This involves closing the vagina. It is done only in women who are elderly and who are no longer sexually active.
To help reduce your chances of uterine prolapse:
Maintain a healthy weight.
To avoid constipation, eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
If you smoke,
talk to your doctor about ways to
quit. Smoking may cause chronic coughing and weakening of connective tissues.
Pelvic organ prolapse. International Urogynecological Association website. Available at: http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.iuga.org/resource/resmgr/Brochures/eng_pop.pdf. Accessed April 17, 2018.
Uterine and vaginal prolapse. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gynecology-and-obstetrics/pelvic-relaxation-syndromes/uterine-and-vaginal-prolapse. Updated February 2017. Accessed April 17, 2018.
Vaginal pessary. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/vaginal-pessary. Updated October 24, 2017. Accessed April 17, 2018.
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