Vertigo is a feeling of spinning or whirling when you are still. It is a symptom that can be caused by many different issues.
Vertigo is different from passing dizziness or lightheadedness.
The inner ear and nerves sense the position of your head and body in space. Vertigo is often caused by problems with these nerves and structures. It may also be due to problems in the brain but this is rare.
There are two main types of vertigo including:
Vertigo of Peripheral Origin
Problems of the inner ear are cause of this kind of vertigo. It is the most common type of vertigo. Causes may include:
Dizziness and vertigo. The Merck Manual Professional Edition. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/ear_nose_and_throat_disorders/approach_to_the_patient_with_ear_problems/dizziness_and_vertigo.html. Updated October 2016. Accessed October 1, 2018.
9/10/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance.http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Family Practitioner Program. Evaluation of vertigo in the adult patient. Austin (Tx): University of Texas at Austin, School of Nursing; 2014 May. 19 p. Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=48220#Section427. Accessed September 10, 2014.
Last reviewed March 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 10/1/2018
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