A history of
chlamydia or other STIs—reinfection is common and can lead to serious reproductive complications
Excessive alcohol or illegal drug use—increases the risk of risky sexual behavior
Men having sex with men
Another risk factor for women is cervical ectropion, a condition where cells from inside the cervix are on the outside. Although it usually does not cause problems, it can make you more susceptible to infection.
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.
Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet (detailed). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated September 26, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.
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