Barotrauma is pain or tissue damage due to a change in pressure. It happens when pressure outside the body is different from pressure inside the body. This leads the air inside the body to shrink or swell.
Barotrauma. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/injury-during-diving-or-work-in-compressed-air/barotrauma. Accessed March 1, 2021.
Diving precautions and prevention of diving injuries. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/injury-during-diving-or-work-in-compressed-air/diving-precautions-and-prevention-of-diving-injuries. Updated July 2017. Accessed March 1, 2021.
Ears and altitude. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/content/ears-and-altitude. Accessed March 1, 2021.
Evaluation and management of middle ear trauma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/evaluation-and-management-of-middle-ear-trauma. Accessed March 1, 2021.
Rozycki SW, Brown MJ, et al. Inner ear barotrauma in divers: an evidence-based tool for evaluation and treatment. Diving Hyperb Med. 2018;48(3):186-193.
Last reviewed January 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 3/1/2021
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