The ophthalmologist will also look for other eye problems that may be related to the nystagmus, such as
cataracts, or abnormality of the optic nerves or retina.
The ear specialist will look for signs of ear infection, and for worsening of the nystagmus with head positions.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Removal of the cause of nystagmus can sometimes eliminate the problem, such as discontinuing a medication or stopping alcohol or drug use. However, nystagmus often is a permanent condition that can only be reduced and not eliminated. Treatment options to reduce nystagmus and improve vision include the following:
Prisms, tints, eyeglasses, or contact lenses
Adopting a particular angle of vision where the nystagmus is reduced, such as holding the head in a certain position
Vibratory stimulation of the face and neck
Certain medications for specific types of nystagmus, including
to relax the eye muscles, muscle relaxants, and certain antiseizure medications
Surgery on the eye muscles
Low-vision aids can often help improve vision. They may include large print or high contrast materials, good lighting, and magnifying devices.
There are no current guidelines to prevent nystagmus.
Eye facts about nystagmus. American Nystagmus Network website. Available at: http://www.nystagmus.org/aao.html. Updated July 3, 1999. Accessed December 15, 2017.
General information about nystagmus. American Nystagmus Network website. Available at: http://www.nystagmus.org/aboutn.html. Updated February 21, 2002. Accessed December 15, 2017.
Hertle RW. Understanding and treatment of infantile nystagmus syndrome. Presentation at the 4th Biennial Conference of the American Nystagmus Network, Los Angeles, CA. July 8-10, 2005. American Nystagmus Network website. Available at: http://www.nystagmus.org/doc/conf2005/hertle_ANN.pdf. Accessed December 15, 2017.
Maybodi M. Understanding nystagmus: diagnosis, related disorders, treatment, and research. Presentation at the 3rd Biennial Conference of the American Nystagmus Network, Baltimore, MD. July 11-13, 2003. Available at: http://www.nystagmus.org/doc/conf2003/KEYNOTE.pdf.
Nystagmus. Eye Smart—American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/nystagmus.cfm. Accessed December 15, 2017.
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