A stomach polyp is a growth in the lining of the stomach. There are many different types of polyps. The types are based on where they are and how they grow. Most of the polyps are not cancerous, but some can grow into cancer.
Common types of polyps:
Stomach polyps often start because of injury or irritation of the lining of the stomach. This may happen with:
Some stomach polyps may be caused by problems with your genes.
Most stomach polyps are more likely to occur in older adults. Your chances of stomach polyps are also higher for:
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Most stomach polyps don't cause problems.
Larger polyps may cause:
Polyps are often found during images taken for other reasons. Your doctor may do more testing with:
Most stomach polyps will not need to be treated. Small polyps that may have a risk of cancer will be watched. They may not need to be taken out.
Polyps that cause problems may need to be treated. This will depend on the size, number, and type of polyps.
They can be treated with:
Antibiotics may be used to help shrink the polyps.
Not all polyps can be prevented. Follow your treatment plan if you have any conditions that increase your chances of stomach polyps.
American College of Gastroenterology
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Cancer Society
Non-cancerous tumours of the stomach. Canadian Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/stomach/stomach-cancer/non-cancerous-tumours/?region=on. Accessed August 15, 2018.
Shaib YH, Rugge M, Graham DY, Genta RM. Management of gastric polyps: an endoscopy approach. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;11(11):1374-1384.
The stomach: stomach polyps. Chicago Endoscopy Center website. Available at: http://www.chicagoendoscopy.com/the-stomach.html#a4. Accessed August 15, 2018.
Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD Last Updated: 8/15/2018