These children are grappling with psychological issues. Child therapy may help.
Unresolved problems or disorders can get in the way of a child’s development or trigger emotional states that cause trauma for the child, the parents, and the family. The effects may be long lasting.
Significant childhood problems—including poor bonding with parents—can shape future adult work and social relationships if not treated. Therapy can help children resolve current problems, as well as provide tools to cope with life challenges later on.
As a parent, you are likely to be the first to recognize changes in your child’s behavior. According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, there are warning signs that indicate that your child is having difficulty and may benefit from a psychiatric evaluation. Some of these signs are:
A common therapeutic approach for children ages 4-11 is play therapy. In play therapy, children use dolls, art, and games to express their thoughts, experiences, feelings, and conflicts to the therapist. The therapist may observe and/or interact with the child during play, using talk or play objects to communicate.
Depending on the child’s verbal abilities and maturity, talk therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy methods may be used with older children.
How Should You Prepare Your Child?
If you have decided on child therapy, there are things you can do to prepare for the first visit:
Certain psychological or behavioral disorders may be treated with medication as an adjunct to other types of therapy. Some conditions treated with medication include:
Although medication can help reduce or eliminate symptoms, it should not be prescribed lightly. All psychiatric medication should be prescribed by a doctor experienced in treating psychiatric problems in children and adolescents. The course of treatment should be monitored closely by both parent and doctor. If medication is advised for your child, discuss all pros and cons of the treatment with your doctor.
There are many factors to consider when choosing a therapist, such as financial/insurance arrangements, scheduling, and location. But most importantly, you will need to choose a therapist with whom you and your child are comfortable. Good places to find therapy referrals include:
Mental Health America
National Institute of Mental Health
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Canadian Psychological Association
Taking your child to a therapist. KidsHealth—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/family/finding_therapist.html. Updated October 2013. Accessed May 12, 2016.
When to seek help for your child. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/When-To-Seek-Help-For-Your-Child-024.aspx. Updated March 2011. Accessed May 12, 2016.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Michael Woods, MD Last Updated: 7/15/2014