Symptoms may change or worsen as chronic kidney disease reaches this stage. Common ESRD symptoms may include:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115336/Chronic-kidney-disease-CKD-in-adults. Updated January 18, 2019. Accessed July 8, 2019.
Kidney failure (ESRD) causes, symptoms, & treatments. American Kidney Fund website. Available at: http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-failure. Accessed July 8, 2019.
Murphree DD, Thelen SM. Chronic kidney disease in primary care. J Am Board Fam Med. 2010;23(4):542-550.
O'Connor NR, Corcoran AM. End-stage renal disease: symptom management and advance care planning. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(7):705-710.
What is kidney failure? National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidney-failure/what-is-kidney-failure. Updated January 2018. Accessed July 8, 2019.
Last reviewed July 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD Last Updated: 7/8/2019