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As kidney failure progresses, some of the following symptoms may develop:
If kidney failure is untreated, the waste products and fluid that build up can result in:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115336/Chronic-kidney-disease-CKD-in-adults. Updated August 23, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
What I need to know about kidney failure and how it's treated. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/kidney-disease/kidney-failure-choosing-a-treatment-thats-right-for-you/Pages/ez.aspx. Updated September 2013. Accessed November 17, 2016.
Yu HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med. 2003;163(12):1417-1429.
Last reviewed November 2016 by Adrienne Carmack, MD Last Updated: 5/20/2015