Anyone who takes care of toddlers will tell you that mealtime can be quite a challenge. Read on for tips to maintain peace at mealtime.
"If you clean your plate, you can watch TV."
"No dessert until you eat your vegetables."
"You'll just sit here all night until you finish that broccoli."
No doubt you heard threats like this as a child. But food should be used as nourishment, not a reason for punishment. And mealtime should be a time for peaceful conversation, not an ongoing battle about food. Along with a variety of healthy foods, a pleasant atmosphere at mealtime contributes both to good nutrition and to healthy eating habits.
First, recognize that all children exhibit what adults consider to be peculiar eating behaviors. Do not take it personally. Childhood food binges, self-induced food strikes, and offensive table manners are all part of normal development in very young children. Children use the table and the refrigerator as a stage for flaunting their independence. Sometimes food is not the issue at all, it’s who is boss. You are the boss, but do not lose power by getting into battles you cannot win.
Second, realize that most of the frustrating food behaviors noted in toddlers stem from the deceleration in their growth rate. After a rapid growth spurt in the first year and a half of life, growth tapers off and appetites decrease. Do not expect a 3-year-old to eat as voraciously as an infant or to eat adult-sized portions. If your child is growing normally and you are providing a variety of healthy foods, let your child's appetite govern the intake. Remember too that kids’ appetites vary unpredictably. A finicky appetite this week may become a giant one next week.
You may be concerned that your child is always snacking without ever actually finishing a meal. Children have small stomachs and short attention spans. Providing 3 meals a day has no real nutritional advantage—it is simply a social custom. Try offering your child 6 small meals a day instead. Your child will be less overwhelmed by the more manageable portions and can then get back to playing.
Many children will exhibit unusual eating patterns and behaviors at some time in toddlerhood. For example:
Your child eats only 2 or 3 foods, meal after meal. For some unknown reason, the food of choice is usually something healthy—milk, yogurt, raisins, or eggs. Just allow your child to eat out the "jag," but continue to offer other foods at each meal as well. After a few days, or maybe even a few weeks, they will likely try some of the other foods you have made available. Continue to offer the jag food for as long as your child wants it, though.
Your child blatantly refuses to eat what is served. This is most often a play for attention. What is more comforting than an adult who jumps up throughout the meal to prepare something better? Your best solution? Sit down and relax. Have already prepared foods your child likes (bread, rolls, vegetable sticks, or fruit) available at all times. Be supportive, but set some limits. Do not jump through hoops to cook something else that they might like.
"I hate chicken!" whines your child, hurling it to the floor. This is inappropriate behavior and requires some attention on your part. You can start by suggesting that your child eat the other foods on the table. The potatoes perhaps or maybe the green beans. If he cannot behave properly and/or chooses not to eat, then he or she should leave the table. Do not give them food to go or allow them to return for dessert. They will just have to wait until the next planned snack time, which is probably only an hour or so away. If you consistently enforce this strategy, they will eventually learn what is expected of them.
Your child's diet consists solely of bread, potatoes, pasta, and milk. So what? If they is growing normally, you have more to gain from living with this diet for a while than from fighting it. Aside from being a bit bland on the palate, there is nothing wrong with this combination. Avoid pressuring them to eat other foods. Calling attention to finicky eating habits only reinforces them. Continue to offer a variety of foods, especially those that are bright-colored. Most children are eventually attracted by the hues of cherry tomatoes, watermelon, or carrot sticks. Eating quirks in young children rarely last for long, and a doctor-recommended vitamin supplement can put your nutrition worries to rest.
Your child refuses to try anything that they has not eaten before. This is really pretty normal. It may take many exposures to a new food before a child is ready to taste it, and many more before they actually likes it. Do not force the issue. Just offer the food again some other time. Think about it. How many times did you refuse a particular food before you finally tried it and liked it?
Which brings us to a good point. Think of your child as having the same needs and desires as your own. Do you enjoy eating when you do not feel well? Neither do they. Are you put off by portions that are overwhelming in size? So are they. Do you crave comfort foods for days on end? Well, so do they. Respect those wishes and you will have much of the frustration under control.
It is important to remember that children are the best judges of how much they should eat. Parents are the best judges of what they should eat. Adults are not responsible for how much a child eats, or even if they eat. They are, however, responsible for providing the basics of good nutrition. Here are 7 steps to help children eat better and prevent arguments over food.
Happy encounters with food at any age help set the stage for sensible eating habits in the future. Handling food and eating situations calmly and positively encourages healthy food choices and fosters a warm, trusting home environment.
Choose My Plate—US Department of Agriculture
International Food Information Council Foundation
Allen RE, Myers AL. Nutrition in Toddlers. Am Fam Physician. 2006 ;74(9):1527-32.
Children. Choose My Plate—US Department of Agriculture website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/children-over-five.html. Accessed January 27, 2016.
Nutrition guide for toddlers. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/nutrition_center/healthy_eating/toddler_food.html. Updated November 2014. Accessed January 27, 2016.
Nutrition (pediatric preventive care). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 26, 2015. Accessed January 27, 2016.
Last reviewed January 2016 by Michael Woods, MD Last Updated: 3/19/2014