A nose fracture is a break in the bones of the nose.
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A nose fracture is caused by a blunt, hard blow to the nose. It often occurs along with injuries to other parts of the nose and face.
Factors that may increase the chance of a nose fracture include:
A nose fracture may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. Your nose and face will be examined for:
Although not necessary, imaging tests may be done to confirm the fracture, and check its location and severity. They usually are not done until the inflammation goes down. Imaging tests may include:
Treatment depends on the severity of the fracture. If the nose is broken and in position, the only treatment needed is home care. It is important to be careful to not bump the nose while it heals. More severe fractures may need realignment or surgery.
Ice can be used to help reduce inflammation and pain.
Prescription or over-the-counter medications may be given to help reduce inflammation and pain.
If the nose is out of position, obstructing your breathing, or causing other problems, then the doctor may:
Surgery may be needed to set the fracture if:
Nose fractures may not always be preventable, but you can reduce your risk:
American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
The Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Fractures of the nose. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/facial-trauma/fractures-of-the-nose. Updated September 2016. Accessed August 30, 2017.
Isolated nasal bone fracture—emergency management. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T910337/Isolated-nasal-bone-fracture-emergency-management. Updated August 30, 2017.
Nasal fractures. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/content/nasal-fractures. Accessed August 30, 2017.
Ondik MP, Lipinski L, Dezfoli S, Fedok FG. The treatment of nasal fractures: a changing paradigm. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009;11(5):296-302.
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Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM Last Updated: 9/30/2013