The urethra is the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder. Urethral syndrome is a set of symptoms from inflammation or irritation of the urethra. It is not related to an infection from bacteria or a virus.
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The cause of urethral syndrome can be hard to find. Possible causes include:
Urethral syndrome is most common in women. Factors that may lead to an undetected infection include:
Urethral syndrome may cause:
In men, urethral syndrome may specifically cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms and past health. A physical and pelvic exam will be done. Urethral syndrome is usually diagnosed when symptoms are present but there is no evidence of an infection.
Tests may include:
Treatment may include:
To reduce your chance of urethral syndrome:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Costantine E, Zucchi A, et al. Treatment of urethral syndrome: a prospective randomized study with Nd: YAG laser. Urol Int. 2006;76:134-138.
Gittes RF, Nakamura RM. Female urethral syndrome. A female prostatitis? West J Med. 1996;164(5):435-438.
Nongonococcal urethritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116488/Nongonococcal-urethritis. Updated September 26, 2018. Accessed January 8, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD Last Updated: 1/8/2019