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Reducing Your Risk of Chlamydia

Any person who is sexually active can be infected with chlamydia. Abstaining from oral, vaginal, and anal sex is the most assured way to remain uninfected. However if you are sexually active, there are steps you can take to help reduce your risk of chlamydia.

  • Have a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
  • Always use a latex condom during all sexual activity. Proper and consistent use of condoms is important in order for them to be effective.
  • Get recommended screening tests, especially if you are a woman under the age of 25 or are not in a monogamous relationship. Sexually active young men should consider screening , although there is no specific guideline.
  • Behavioral counseling may be advised if you are a sexually active person at increased risk for infection.
  • Avoid risky behaviors, such as unprotected or anonymous sex.
  • Know your status and your partner's. Openly discuss sexually transmitted infections (STI)s.
  • Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any concerns you have about STDs.

Do not let the cost of healthcare deter you from knowing your status. Many local clinics and health facilities offer free screening tests.

REFERENCES:

2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.

Chlamydia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/chlamydia-and-mycoplasmas/chlamydia. Updated April 2016. Accessed February 16, 2018.

Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet (detailed). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated September 26, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114223/Chlamydia-genital-infection. Updated August 23, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.

Mishori R, McClaskey EL, WinklerPrins VJ. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.

3/17/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttps://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114223/Chlamydia-genital-infection: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014;161(12):902-910.

3/17/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115615/Gonococcal-urethritis: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Behavioral counseling interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Dec 16;161(12):894-901.

Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP  Last Updated: 3/15/2015