Chlamydia is a silent infection. It is likely that you could have a chlamydial infection without any symptoms. Most people who do not know they are infected carry it for years. During this time, sexual contact with others can spread the infection.
If recognizable symptoms do occur, they usually appear weeks after exposure.
If left untreated, chlamydia can have serious health consequences in both women and men.
Complications of untreated chlamydia in women include:
Complications of untreated chlamydia in men include:
Complications in both genders include:
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.
Chlamydia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/chlamydia-and-mycoplasmas/chlamydia. Updated April 2016. Accessed February 16, 2018.
Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet (detailed). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated September 26, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.
Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114223/Chlamydia-genital-infection. Updated August 23, 2017. Accessed February 16, 2018.
Mishori R, McClaskey EL, WinklerPrins VJ. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.
Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP Last Updated: 3/15/2015