A pelvic fracture is one or more breaks of the bones that make up the pelvis. Several organs, blood vessels, and nerves are located in this area. Because of this, a pelvic fracture is a serious injury. Immediate care is important to prevent complications.
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Pelvic fractures are caused by hard impact traumas such as:
Factors that may increase your chance of a pelvic fracture include:
A pelvic fracture may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done.
Imaging tests of the area may be taken with one or more of the following:
Proper treatment can prevent long-term complications. Treatment will depend on how serious the fracture is, but may include:
Life-threatening problems, such as bleeding or shock will need to be managed first. The bones will be stabilized until other issues are stable. Steps to repair the bone will depend on the amount of damage. Treatment options for the bone include:
Prescription or over-the-counter pain pills may be given to help reduce inflammation and pain. Blood thinners reduce the risk of blood clots.
Healing time varies by age and overall health. Young people and those in better overall health heal faster. It may take several months for an unstable fracture to heal.
Complications of a pelvic fracture can be temporary or permanent. These include:
Activities will need to be adjusted while your pelvic bone heals. Complete rest is rarely required.
Physical therapy or rehabilitation will be used to improve range of motion.
To help reduce your chance of a pelvic fracture:
The American Pediatric Surgical Association
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Women's Health Matters
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Last reviewed February 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 2/12/2019