Deep cleaning is usually provided by a periodontist (gum specialist) or dentist. Special instruments are used to carefully and thoroughly scrape tartar, or calculus, from your teeth, both above and below the gum line. Root planing involves smoothing the root of the tooth. This gets rid of bacteria that are gathered there and smooths out any roughened areas that might harbor bacteria in the future.
During this procedure, your periodontist or dentist may apply antibiotics to the gum area in a further effort to get rid of bacteria. This can be done through antibiotic gels, microchips, a microsphere that has been treated with antibiotics, or by sliding a tiny fiber of antibiotic-treated thread between your teeth.
Comprehensive periodontal evaluation (CPE). American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: https://www.perio.org/consumer/perio-evaluation.htm. Accessed August 17, 2016.
Gum (Periodontal) Disease. NIH SeniorHealth website. Available at: http://nihseniorhealth.gov/periodontaldisease/riskfactorsandprevention/01.html. Accessed August 17, 2016.
Periodontal (gum) disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm#deep. Updated September 2013. Accessed August 17, 2016.
Last reviewed February 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Last Updated: 4/6/2021