Presbyopia is a vision problem that makes it hard to focus on and clearly see objects that are at a normal reading distance or closer.
Presbyopia is caused by a slow loss of flexibility in the lens of the eye as people age. This makes it hard for the lens to change its shape to focus on objects at close distances.
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Presbyopia is more common people over 40 years of age.
Problems may be:
A vision specialist will ask about your symptoms and health history. An eye exam will be done. This is enough to make the diagnosis.
This problem is treated with corrective lenses.
A person may choose to wear:
Contact lens options are:
Some people may choose to have surgery. Options are:
There are no current guidelines to prevent presbyopia.
American Optometric Association
National Eye Institute
Canadian Association of Optometrists
Canadian Ophthalmological Society
Comprehensive geriatric assessment. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/prevention/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment. Updated November 26, 2018. Accessed April 29, 2020.
Presbyopia. American Optometric Association website. Available at: http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/presbyopia. Accessed April 29, 2020.
What is presbyopia? American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/presbyopia.cfm. Updated January 13, 2020. Accessed April 29, 2020.
Last reviewed February 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 04/29/2020