A vesicostomy is a temporary path from the bladder to the outside of the body. It will allow urine to drain.
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A vesicostomy is done if there is a blockage in lower urinary tract or the tract needs to heal.
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review possible problems, such as:
Your child’s doctor will do blood and urine tests. In addition:
General anesthesia will be used. It will block pain and keep your child asleep through the procedure.
A small incision will be made through the skin below the bellybutton. A second incision will be made in the wall of the bladder. A small part of the bladder wall will be turned inside out. This tissue will be sewn to the belly wall.
A tube may be placed in the opening or it may be left open.
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Medicine will help to manage discomfort in the days after.
The care team will watch for any complications as your child wakes up. Treatment may include:
The urine will be able to drain directly into a diaper. Most can return to activity within a week of surgery.
Call your child’s doctor if any of these occur:
If you think your child has an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
Kids Health—Nemours Foundation
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
Vesicostomy. About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children website. Available at: http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/TestsAndTreatments/Procedures/Pages/Vesicostomy.aspx. Accessed January 11, 2019.
Vesicostomy care. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital website. Available at: https://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/v/vesicostomy. Accessed January 11, 2019.
Vesicostomy. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/vesicostomy. Accessed January 11, 2019.
What is a vesicostomy? Children’s & Women’s Health Centre of British Columbia website. Available at: http://www.cw.bc.ca/library/pdf/pamphlets/vesicostomy_384_dec04.pdf. Published December 2004. Accessed January 11, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Chelsea Skucek, MSN, BS, RNC-NIC