A hand fracture is a break in any of the 5 long bones (metacarpals) between the wrist and the fingers. It causes pain and makes it hard to use the hand.
Fractures of the finger bones can be found in Finger Fracture.
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A hand fracture is caused by trauma to the long bones of the hand from:
Your risk of fracture may be higher if you have:
A hand fracture may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms, health history, and how the injury happened. The doctor will look at your hand.
Diagnosis can be made by exam. Images may be taken to find out how much harm was done. This can be done with x-rays.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Most hand fractures heal without surgery. Your options may be:
A cast or splint may be needed to protect, support, and keep the hand fracture in line while it heals.
Exercises may be needed after the bone starts to heal. This will help with strength and function.
More severe fractures may need surgery. Screws, plates, or wires may be used to hold the fracture in place.
To lower your risk of a hand fracture, take these steps:
To lower your risk of falls at work and home:
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
Broken hand. American Society for Surgery of the Hand website. Available at: http://www.assh.org/handcare/hand-arm-injuries/broken-bone. Published 2016. Accessed June 19, 2019.
Hand fractures. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00010. Accessed March 2018. Accessed June 19, 2019.
Last reviewed June 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardWarren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM Last Updated: 4/22/2020