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Cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder. Laparoscopic is one method for this surgery. Special tools are passed through small cuts in the belly. The tools will be able to cut and remove the gallbladder. This option can decrease recovery time compared to an open surgery which needs a large cut into the belly.
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A diseased or damaged gallbladder may need to be removed. Gallstones are the most common cause. The stones can cause damage to gallbladder and liver if left untreated.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review problems that can occur like:
Some factors that can increase your risk of problems include:
Your doctor will use info from earlier tests. Helpful information may include:
Leading up to your procedure:
General anesthesia will be used. You will be asleep for the procedure.
Four small cuts will be made in your belly. Air will be pumped into the belly. It will increase space inside and make it easier to see the gallbladder.
A small scope will be passed through one of the openings. It will send images of the gallbladder to a screen in the room. The doctor will use the images to guide the tools and remove the gallbladder. Other tools will be passed through the other cuts. They will be used to hold the gallbladder. The main artery and tube that passes fluid to intestine will be clipped. The gallbladder will then be detached and removed. The doctor may look for stones in the tube that runs from the liver to the intestine. Any stones will be removed. The belly will be carefully checked.
The cuts will be closed with stitches or staples. The area will be covered with bandages. A tiny, flexible tube may be placed in one of the cuts. It will exit from your belly into a little bulb. This will help to drain fluid from the area to help recovery. The tube is usually removed within 1 week.
You will be taken to a recovery room. There you will be cared for while you wake up from anesthesia.
About 30 to 60 minutes
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. The cuts will be sore for the next few days. The air used to pump up the stomach can also cause some discomfort in first 1 to 2 days. Medicine can help to manage the discomfort as well as rest.
You may be able to go home the same day or the next day. You may need to stay longer if there were problems.
After the procedure, the hospital staff will:
At first, your intestines will work more slowly than usual. Chewing gum may help.
Full recovery takes about 3 weeks. The gallbladder plays a role in breaking down fatty food. The liver will begin to take over the job but you may need to make some changes in the beginning. You will be given a food plan.
Call your doctor if any of these occur::
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Gastroenterological Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Cholecystectomy. American College of Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.facs.org/~/media/files/education/patient%20ed/cholesys.ashx. Accessed March 26, 2021.
Cholecystectomy. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T900759/Cholecystectomy. Accessed March 26, 2021.
Clayton ES, Connor S, Alexakis N, Leandros E. Meta-analysis of endoscopy and surgery versus surgery alone for common bile duct stones with the gallbladder in situ. Br J Surg. 2006;93(10):1185-1191.
Dasari BV, Tan CJ, Gurusamy KS, et al. Surgical versus endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;12:CD003327.
Gallbladder surgery: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. UC Davis Health website. Available at: http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/surgery/specialties/gastro/gall.html. Accessed March 26, 2021.
Laparoscopic gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) from SAGES. Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.sages.org/publications/patient-information/patient-information-for-laparoscopic-gallbladder-removal-cholecystectomy-from-sages. Accessed March 26, 2021.
3/23/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T905418/Prevention-and-management-of-postoperative-ileus: Short V, Herbert G, Perry R, et al. Chewing gum for postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2:CD006506.
Last reviewed March 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD