Laceration repair is cleaning, preparing, and closing a wound. A wound is a tear or cut in the skin, tissue, and/or muscle. They can vary in length, depth, and width.
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Small, shallow, and clean wounds may not need medical care. They may only need antibiotic ointment and a bandage.
A wound may need medical repair if it:
Wounds may also need medical care if there is risk of tetanus. This is a bacterial infection from dirt, dust, or feces.
Medical care may also be used if there is a concern about scarring.
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over any problems that could happen, such as:
Things that may raise the risk of problems are:
The doctor may meet with you to discuss tests that need to be done. If you are having surgery, the doctor may also talk to you about:
Anesthesia depends on the type of wound. For example:
For some, anesthesia is not needed.
The wound and area around it will be cleaned and prepared. Hair around the area may be trimmed and smoothed away. Sterile water will be squirted into the wound. This will help wash away dirt and debris.
If necessary, some jagged edges will be cut away. This may help the wound close easier. Damaged or dead tissue will be removed to prevent infection.
The wound will be closed once it is clean. Options to close the wound may be:
Skin glue is a special glue that holds a wound together. The wound will be held shut. Skin glue will be applied over the area in 3 coats. The wound will then be held in place for 60 seconds. A bandage may then be placed on the area over the wound.
Skin closure strips are adhesive strips that help close the wound. The doctor will align the edges of the wound. The strips will be applied across the wound.
The wound will be stitched shut. After stitching, saline will be used to clean the area. Antiseptic ointment may also be applied. The stitches may be covered with a bandage. There are different types of stitches. Some stitches will need to be removed later. Other stitches are absorbed by the skin and will not need to be removed.
The wound edges will be closed and aligned. Staples will be placed along the wound. Saline will wash the staple line. An antibiotic ointment will be applied. The area will be bandaged.
Hair tying is used for some scalp wounds. Hair will be gathered in a way that pulls the wound shut. The hair will then be rubber banded or held together with skin glue. This keeps the wound shut.
Some wounds raise the risk of a tetanus infection. If needed, a tetanus vaccination may be given.
The length of time depends on the wound. It may take less than 15 minutes or more than an hour.
This also depends on the wound. Severe wounds will be very painful. Pain medicine and home care will help.
The staff may give medicines to prevent pain and infection.
Recovery time varies—it depends on the wound. Proper wound care will be needed. Physical activities may be limited during recovery. Some may also need to delay their return to work.
Call your doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American Professional Wound Care Association
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Forsch RT, Little SH, et al. Laceration repair: a practical approach. Am Fam Physician. 2017;95(10):628-636. .
Tetanus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/tetanus/index.html. Accessed September 30, 2021.
Laceration - emergency management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/laceration-emergency-management. Accessed September 30, 2021.
Laceration management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/laceration-management. Accessed September 30, 2021.
Last reviewed July 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD