Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine
What is Pneumococcal disease?
Vaccination can protect older adults (and some children and younger adults) from pneumococcal disease.
Pneumococcal disease is caused by bacteria that can spread from person to person through close contact. It can cause ear infections, and it can also lead to more serious infections of the
Anyone can get pneumococcal disease, but children under 2 years of age, people with certain medical conditions, adults over 65 years of age, and cigarette smokers are at the highest risk.
About 18,000 older adults die each year from pneumococcal disease in the United States.
Treatment of pneumococcal infections with penicillin and other drugs used to be more effective. But some strains of the disease have become resistant to these drugs. This makes prevention of the disease, through vaccination, even more important.
Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV)
Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria. It will not prevent all pneumococcal disease.
PPSV23 is recommended for:
Most people need only one dose of PPSV. A second dose is recommended for certain high-risk groups. People 65 and older should get a dose even if they have gotten one or more doses of the vaccine before they turned 65.
Your healthcare provider can give you more information about these recommendations.
Most healthy adults develop protection within 2 to 3 weeks of getting the shot.
Who should not get PPSV or should wait?
What are the risks of a vaccine reaction?
With any medicine, including vaccines, there is a chance of side effects. These are usually mild and go away on their own, but serious reactions are also possible.
Problems that could happen after any injected vaccine:
As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a serious injury or death. The safety of vaccines is always being monitored. For more information, visit:http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/.
What if there is a severe reaction?
What should I look for?
What should I do?
If you think it is a severe allergic reaction or other emergency that can't wait, get the person to the nearest hospital or call 9-1-1. Otherwise, call your doctor.
Afterward, the reaction should be reported to the ''Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System'' (VAERS). Your doctor should file this report, or you can do it yourself through the VAERS web site athttp://www.vaers.hhs.gov, or by calling1-800-822-7967.
VAERS does not give medical advice.
How can I learn more?
Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine Information Statement. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 4/24/2015.
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Selected Revisions: November 15, 2016.
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